While it is well established that Semaphorin family proteins function as axon guidance ligands in invertebrates and vertebrates, several recent studies indicate that the Drosophila Semaphorin-1a (Sema1a), a transmembrane Semaphorin, can also function as a receptor during neural development. The regulator of Sema1a reverse signaling, however, remains unknown. In this study, we show that like Sema1a, the well known Semaphorin receptor Plexin A (PlexA), is required for the proper guidance of photoreceptor (R cell) axons in the Drosophila visual system. Loss of PlexA, like loss of semala, disrupted the association of R-cell growth cones in the optic lobe. Conversely, overexpression of PlexA, like overexpression of sema1a, induced the hyperfasciculation of R-cell axons. Unlike Sema1a, however, the cytoplasmic domain of PlexA is dispensable. Epistasis analysis suggests that PlexA functions upstream of semala. And PlexA and sema1a interact genetically with Rho1. We propose that PlexA regulates Semala reverse signaling in the Drosophila visual system.