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Citation
Kozhevnikova, E.N., van der Knaap, J.A., Pindyurin, A.V., Ozgur, Z., van Ijcken, W.F., Moshkin, Y.M., Verrijzer, C.P. (2012). Metabolic Enzyme IMPDH Is Also a Transcription Factor Regulated by Cellular State.  Mol. Cell 47(1): 133--139.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0218906
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Cells need to coordinate gene expression and metabolic state. Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) controls the guanine nucleotide pool and, thereby, cell proliferation. We found that Drosophila IMPDH is also a DNA-binding transcriptional repressor. IMPDH attenuates expression of histone genes and E2f, a key driver of cell proliferation. Nuclear IMPDH accumulates during the G2 phase of the cell cycle or following replicative or oxidative stress. Thus, IMPDH can couple the expression of histones and E2F to cellular state. Genome-wide profiling and in vitro binding assays established that IMPDH binds sequence specifically to single-stranded, CT-rich DNA elements. Surprisingly, this DNA-binding function is conserved in E. coli IMPDH. The catalytic function of IMPDH is not required for DNA binding. Yet substitutions that correspond to human retinitis pigmentosa mutations disrupt IMPDH binding to CT-rich, single-stranded DNA elements. By doubling as nucleotide biosynthetic enzyme or transcription factor, IMPDH can either enable or restrict cell proliferation.

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Obtained with permission from Cell Press.
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Cell
    Publication Year
    1997-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1097-2765 1097-4164
    Data From Reference
    Genes (7)