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Citation
Tsai, P.I., Wang, M., Kao, H.H., Cheng, Y.J., Lin, Y.J., Chen, R.H., Chien, C.T. (2012). Activity-dependent retrograde laminin A signaling regulates synapse growth at Drosophila neuromuscular junctions.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(43): 17699--17704.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0219768
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Retrograde signals induced by synaptic activities are derived from postsynaptic cells to potentiate presynaptic properties, such as cytoskeletal dynamics, gene expression, and synaptic growth. However, it is not known whether activity-dependent retrograde signals can also depotentiate synaptic properties. Here we report that laminin A (LanA) functions as a retrograde signal to suppress synapse growth at Drosophila neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). The presynaptic integrin pathway consists of the integrin subunit βν and focal adhesion kinase 56 (Fak56), both of which are required to suppress crawling activity-dependent NMJ growth. LanA protein is localized in the synaptic cleft and only muscle-derived LanA is functional in modulating NMJ growth. The LanA level at NMJs is inversely correlated with NMJ size and regulated by larval crawling activity, synapse excitability, postsynaptic response, and anterograde Wnt/Wingless signaling, all of which modulate NMJ growth through LanA and βν. Our data indicate that synaptic activities down-regulate levels of the retrograde signal LanA to promote NMJ growth.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3491500 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
    Title
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Publication Year
    1915-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0027-8424
    Data From Reference