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Laver, J.D., Li, X., Ancevicius, K., Westwood, J.T., Smibert, C.A., Morris, Q.D., Lipshitz, H.D. (2013). Genome-wide analysis of Staufen-associated mRNAs identifies secondary structures that confer target specificity.  Nucleic Acids Res. 41(20): 9438--9460.
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Research paper

Despite studies that have investigated the interactions of double-stranded RNA-binding proteins like Staufen with RNA in vitro, how they achieve target specificity in vivo remains uncertain. We performed RNA co-immunoprecipitations followed by microarray analysis to identify Staufen-associated mRNAs in early Drosophila embryos. Analysis of the localization and functions of these transcripts revealed a number of potentially novel roles for Staufen. Using computational methods, we identified two sequence features that distinguish Staufen's target transcripts from non-targets. First, these Drosophila transcripts, as well as those human transcripts bound by human Staufen1 and 2, have 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) that are 3-4-fold longer than unbound transcripts. Second, the 3'UTRs of Staufen-bound transcripts are highly enriched for three types of secondary structures. These structures map with high precision to previously identified Staufen-binding regions in Drosophila bicoid and human ARF1 3'UTRs. Our results provide the first systematic genome-wide analysis showing how a double-stranded RNA-binding protein achieves target specificity.

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PMC3814352 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Nucleic Acids Res.
    Nucleic Acids Research
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