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Fernando, C., Audibert, A., Simon, F., Tazi, J., Juge, F. (2015). A Role for the Serine/Arginine-Rich (SR) Protein B52/SRSF6 in Cell Growth and Myc Expression in Drosophila.  Genetics 199(4): 1201--1211.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0228047
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Serine-/arginine-rich (SR) proteins are RNA-binding proteins that are primarily involved in alternative splicing. Expression of some SR proteins is frequently upregulated in tumors, and previous reports have demonstrated that these proteins can directly participate in cell transformation. Identifying factors that can rescue the effects of SR overexpression in vivo is, therefore, of potential therapeutic interest. Here, we analyzed phenotypes induced by overexpression of the SR protein B52 during Drosophila development and identified several proteins that can rescue these phenotypes. Using the mechanosensory bristle lineage as a developmental model, we show that B52 expression level influences cell growth, but not differentiation, in this lineage. In particular, B52 overexpression increases cell growth, upregulates myc transcription, and gives rise to flies lacking thoracic bristles. Using a genetic screen, we identified several suppressors of the phenotypes induced by overexpression of B52 in vivo in two different organs. We show that upregulation of brain tumor (brat), a tumor suppressor and post-transcriptional repressor of myc, and downregulation of lilliputian (lilli), a subunit of the superelongation complex involved in transcription elongation, efficiently rescue the phenotypes induced by B52 overexpression. Our results demonstrate a role of this SR protein in cell growth and identify candidate proteins that may overcome the effects of SR protein overexpression in mammals.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4391563 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genetics
    Title
    Genetics
    Publication Year
    1916-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0016-6731
    Data From Reference