Open Close
Reference
Citation
Fowler, P.C., O'Sullivan, N.C. (2016). ER-shaping proteins are required for ER and mitochondrial network organization in motor neurons.  Hum. Mol. Genet. 25(13): 2827--2837.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0234028
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by degeneration of the longest motor neurons in the corticospinal tract, leading to muscle weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Pathogenic variants in genes encoding proteins that shape the endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) network are a leading cause of HSP, however, the mechanisms by which loss of ER-shaping proteins underpin degeneration of selective neurons in HSP remain poorly understood. To begin to address this, we have generated a novel in vivo model of HSP in Drosophila melanogaster by targeted knockdown of the ER-shaping protein Arl6IP1 Variants in the human homolog of this gene have recently been linked to HSP subtype SPG61. Arl6IP1 RNAi flies display progressive locomotor deficits without a marked reduction in lifespan, recapitulating key features of HSP in human patients. Loss of Arl6IP1 leads to fragmentation of the smooth ER and disrupted mitochondrial network organization within the distal ends of long motor neurons. Furthermore, genetically increasing mitochondrial fission, by overexpression of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), restores mitochondrial network organization and rescues locomotor deficits in two independent Drosophila models of HSP. Taken together, these results propose a role for ER-shaping proteins in mitochondrial network organization in vivo and suggest that impaired mitochondrial organization may be a common mechanism underpinning some forms of HSP.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Hum. Mol. Genet.
    Title
    Human Molecular Genetics
    Publication Year
    1992-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0964-6906
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (9)
    Genes (5)
    Human Disease Models (2)
    Insertions (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (8)