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Citation
Mussabekova, A., Daeffler, L., Imler, J.L. (2017). Innate and intrinsic antiviral immunity in Drosophila.  Cell. Molec. Life Sci. 74(11): 2039--2054.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0235427
Publication Type
Review
Abstract

The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has been a valuable model to investigate the genetic mechanisms of innate immunity. Initially focused on the resistance to bacteria and fungi, these studies have been extended to include antiviral immunity over the last decade. Like all living organisms, insects are continually exposed to viruses and have developed efficient defense mechanisms. We review here our current understanding on antiviral host defense in fruit flies. A major antiviral defense in Drosophila is RNA interference, in particular the small interfering (si) RNA pathway. In addition, complex inducible responses and restriction factors contribute to the control of infections. Some of the genes involved in these pathways have been conserved through evolution, highlighting loci that may account for susceptibility to viral infections in humans. Other genes are not conserved and represent species-specific innovations.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC5419870 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Cell. Molec. Life Sci.
    Title
    Cellular and molecular life sciences. CMLS
    Publication Year
    1997-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1420-682X
    Data From Reference