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Binh, T.D., Pham, T.L.A., Men, T.T., Dang, T.T.P., Kamei, K. (2019). LSD-2 dysfunction induces dFoxO-dependent cell death in the wing of Drosophila melanogaster.  Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 509(2): 491--497.
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Lipid storage droplet-2 (LSD-2) of Drosophila melanogaster is a member of the lipid storage droplet membrane surface-binding protein family. LSD-2 is detected in many specific tissues: germline precursor cells, fat body, and is associated with lipid metabolism, lipid storage, and regulation of lipid droplet transport. However, the roles of this gene in development remain unclear. To investigate these functions, we performed tissue-specific knockdown of Lsd-2 in Drosophila using the combination of GAL4/UAS system and RNAi. Here we report that the knockdown of Lsd-2 in the wing led to abnormal wing phenotype and cell death in the wing pouch of 3rd-instar larvae, suggesting an essential role of Lsd-2 in development of the Drosophila wing. This function of Lsd-2 is dependent on the transcription factor dFoxO, as dFoxO depletion suppresses cell death and the abnormal wing pattern formation induced by Lsd-2-knockdown. Furthermore, Lsd-2-knockdown up-regulated the expression of the dFoxO transcription target reaper, which constitutes a pro-apoptosis gene. This study provides the first evidence that Lsd-2-knockdown causes cell death mediated by dfoxO.

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    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    Alleles (8)
    Genes (5)
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    Transgenic Constructs (5)