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Citation
Li, Z., Yang, F., Xuan, Y., Xi, R., Zhao, R. (2019). Pelota-interacting G protein Hbs1 is required for spermatogenesis in Drosophila.  Sci. Rep. 9(1): 3226.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0241666
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Hbs1, which is homologous to the GTPase eRF3, is a small G protein implicated in mRNA quality control. It interacts with a translation-release factor 1-like protein Dom34/Pelota to direct decay of mRNAs with ribosomal stalls. Although both proteins are evolutionarily conserved in eukaryotes, the biological function of Hbs1 in multicellular organisms is yet to be characterized. In Drosophila, pelota is essential for the progression through meiosis during spermatogenesis and germline stem cell maintenance. Here we show that homozygous Hbs1 mutant flies are viable, female-fertile, but male-sterile, which is due to defects in meiosis and spermatid individualization, phenotypes that are also observed in pelota hypomorphic mutants. In contrast, Hbs1 mutants have no obvious defects in germline stem cell maintenance. We show that Hbs1 genetically interacts with pelota during spermatid individualization. Furthermore, Pelota with a point mutation on the putative Hbs1-binding site cannot substitute the wild type protein for normal spermatogenesis. These data suggest that Pelota forms a complex with Hbs1 to regulate multiple processes during spermatogenesis. Our results reveal a specific requirement of Hbs1 in male gametogenesis in Drosophila and indicate an essential role for the RNA surveillance complex Pelota-Hbs1 in spermatogenesis, a function that could be conserved in mammals.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC6397311 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Sci. Rep.
    Title
    Scientific reports
    ISBN/ISSN
    2045-2322
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (1)
    Alleles (15)
    Genes (3)
    Physical Interactions (1)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (3)
    Experimental Tools (3)
    Transgenic Constructs (10)