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Hsieh, Y.C., Guo, C., Yalamanchili, H.K., Abreha, M., Al-Ouran, R., Li, Y., Dammer, E.B., Lah, J.J., Levey, A.I., Bennett, D.A., De Jager, P.L., Seyfried, N.T., Liu, Z., Shulman, J.M. (2019). Tau-Mediated Disruption of the Spliceosome Triggers Cryptic RNA Splicing and Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's Disease.  Cell Rep. 29(2): 301--316.e10.
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Research paper

In Alzheimer's disease (AD), spliceosomal proteins with critical roles in RNA processing aberrantly aggregate and mislocalize to Tau neurofibrillary tangles. We test the hypothesis that Tau-spliceosome interactions disrupt pre-mRNA splicing in AD. In human postmortem brain with AD pathology, Tau coimmunoprecipitates with spliceosomal components. In Drosophila, pan-neuronal Tau expression triggers reductions in multiple core and U1-specific spliceosomal proteins, and genetic disruption of these factors, including SmB, U1-70K, and U1A, enhances Tau-mediated neurodegeneration. We further show that loss of function in SmB, encoding a core spliceosomal protein, causes decreased survival, progressive locomotor impairment, and neuronal loss, independent of Tau toxicity. Lastly, RNA sequencing reveals a similar profile of mRNA splicing errors in SmB mutant and Tau transgenic flies, including intron retention and non-annotated cryptic splice junctions. In human brains, we confirm cryptic splicing errors in association with neurofibrillary tangle burden. Our results implicate spliceosome disruption and the resulting transcriptome perturbation in Tau-mediated neurodegeneration in AD.

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PMC6919331 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Cell Rep.
    Cell reports
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    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (47)
    Genes (26)
    Human Disease Models (2)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (5)
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    Transgenic Constructs (41)