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Citation
Dong, W., Lu, J., Zhang, X., Wu, Y., Lettieri, K., Hammond, G.R., Hong, Y. (2020). A polybasic domain in aPKC mediates Par6-dependent control of membrane targeting and kinase activity.  J. Cell Biol. 219(7): e201903031.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0246019
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Mechanisms coupling the atypical PKC (aPKC) kinase activity to its subcellular localization are essential for cell polarization. Unlike other members of the PKC family, aPKC has no well-defined plasma membrane (PM) or calcium binding domains, leading to the assumption that its subcellular localization relies exclusively on protein-protein interactions. Here we show that in both Drosophila and mammalian cells, the pseudosubstrate region (PSr) of aPKC acts as a polybasic domain capable of targeting aPKC to the PM via electrostatic binding to PM PI4P and PI(4,5)P2. However, physical interaction between aPKC and Par-6 is required for the PM-targeting of aPKC, likely by allosterically exposing the PSr to bind PM. Binding of Par-6 also inhibits aPKC kinase activity, and such inhibition can be relieved through Par-6 interaction with apical polarity protein Crumbs. Our data suggest a potential mechanism in which allosteric regulation of polybasic PSr by Par-6 couples the control of both aPKC subcellular localization and spatial activation of its kinase activity.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC7337507 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Cell Biol.
    Title
    Journal of Cell Biology
    Publication Year
    1966-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9525
    Data From Reference