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Citation
Vaziri, A., Khabiri, M., Genaw, B.T., May, C.E., Freddolino, P.L., Dus, M. (2020). Persistent epigenetic reprogramming of sweet taste by diet.  Sci. Adv. 6(46): eabc8492.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0247230
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Diets rich in sugar, salt, and fat alter taste perception and food preference, contributing to obesity and metabolic disorders, but the molecular mechanisms through which this occurs are unknown. Here, we show that in response to a high sugar diet, the epigenetic regulator Polycomb Repressive Complex 2.1 (PRC2.1) persistently reprograms the sensory neurons of Drosophila melanogaster flies to reduce sweet sensation and promote obesity. In animals fed high sugar, the binding of PRC2.1 to the chromatin of the sweet gustatory neurons is redistributed to repress a developmental transcriptional network that modulates the responsiveness of these cells to sweet stimuli, reducing sweet sensation. Half of these transcriptional changes persist despite returning the animals to a control diet, causing a permanent decrease in sweet taste. Our results uncover a new epigenetic mechanism that, in response to the dietary environment, regulates neural plasticity and feeding behavior to promote obesity.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC7673743 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Sci. Adv.
    Title
    Science advances
    ISBN/ISSN
    2375-2548
    Data From Reference