We have identified a novel gene encoding a putative protein kinase from a Drosophila genomic library. The gene, about 2 kbp in length, consists of four exons and codes for a protein of 349 amino acid residues. The deduced sequence shows significant similarity to various kinases, especially to a subgroup of Ser/Thr kinases related to Cdc2 kinase; thus, the gene was termed Dcdrk (Drosophila cdc2-related kinase gene). Among the kinases examined, mammalian galactosyltransferase-associated 58 kDa protein kinase showed the highest homology (about 50% identity in the kinase domain) to Dcdrk kinase. Northern blot analysis revealed that the Dcdrk mRNA is expressed throughout development in nearly constant amounts. Moreover, a whole mount in situ hybridization experiment showed that the Dcdrk mRNA is ubiquitously distributed in almost all embryonic cells and tissues, suggesting a universal function of Dcdrk, possibly in cell cycle regulation.