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Zinzen, R.P., Cande, J., Ronshaugen, M., Papatsenko, D., Levine, M. (2006). Evolution of the ventral midline in insect embryos.  Dev. Cell 11(6): 895--902.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0192656
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The ventral midline is a source of signals that pattern the nerve cord of insect embryos. In dipterans such as the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster (D. mel.) and the mosquito Anopheles gambiae (A. gam.), the midline is narrow and spans just 1-2 cells. However, in the honeybee, Apis mellifera (A. mel.), the ventral midline is broad and encompasses 5-6 cells. slit and other midline-patterning genes display a corresponding expansion in expression. Evidence is presented that this difference is due to divergent cis regulation of the single-minded (sim) gene, which encodes a bHLH-PAS transcription factor essential for midline differentiation. sim is regulated by a combination of Notch signaling and a Twist (Twi) activator gradient in D. mel., but it is activated solely by Twi in A. mel. We suggest that the Twi-only mode of regulation--and the broad ventral midline--represents the ancestral form of CNS patterning in Holometabolous insects.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Cell
    Title
    Developmental Cell
    Publication Year
    2001-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1534-5807 1878-1551
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