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Wreden, C., Verrotti, A.C., Schisa, J.A., Lieberfarb, M.E., Strickland, S. (1997). Nanos and pumilio establish embryonic polarity in Drosophila by promoting posterior deadenylation of hunchback mRNA.  Development 124(15): 3015--3023.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0097875
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Nanos protein promotes abdominal structures in Drosophila embryos by repressing the translation of maternal hunchback mRNA in the posterior. To study the mechanism of nanos-mediated translational repression, we first examined the mechanism by which maternal hunchback mRNA is translationally activated. In the absence of nanos activity, the poly(A) tail of hunchback mRNA is elongated concomitant with its translation, suggesting that cytoplasmic polyadenylation directs activation. However, in the presence of nanos the length of the hunchback mRNA poly(A) tail is reduced. To determine if nanos activity represses translation by altering the polyadenylation state of hunchback mRNA, we injected various in vitro transcribed RNAs into Drosophila embryos and determined changes in polyadenylation. Nanos activity reduced the polyadenylation status of injected hunchback RNAs by accelerating their deadenylation. Pumilio activity, which is necessary to repress the translation of hunchback, is also needed to alter polyadenylation. An examination of translation indicates a strong correlation between poly(A) shortening and suppression of translation. These data indicate that nanos and pumilio determine posterior morphology by promoting the deadenylation of maternal hunchback mRNA, thereby repressing its translation.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Development
    Title
    Development
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0950-1991
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (2)
    Genes (4)
    Transgenic Constructs (1)