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Yatsenko, A.S., Kucherenko, M.M., Pantoja, M., Fischer, K.A., Madeoy, J., Deng, W.M., Schneider, M., Baumgartner, S., Akey, J., Shcherbata, H.R., Ruohola-Baker, H. (2009). The conserved WW-domain binding sites in Dystroglycan C-terminus are essential but partially redundant for Dystroglycan function.  BMC Dev. Biol. 9(): 18.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0207561
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Dystroglycan (Dg) is a transmembrane protein that is a part of the Dystrophin Glycoprotein Complex (DGC) which connects the extracellular matrix to the actin cytoskeleton. The C-terminal end of Dg contains a number of putative SH3, SH2 and WW domain binding sites. The most C-terminal PPXY motif has been established as a binding site for Dystrophin (Dys) WW-domain. However, our previous studies indicate that both Dystroglycan PPXY motives, WWbsI and WWbsII can bind Dystrophin protein in vitro.We now find that both WW binding sites are important for maintaining full Dg function in the establishment of oocyte polarity in Drosophila. If either WW binding site is mutated, the Dg protein can still be active. However, simultaneous mutations in both WW binding sites abolish the Dg activities in both overexpression and loss-of-function oocyte polarity assays in vivo. Additionally, sequence comparisons of WW binding sites in 12 species of Drosophila, as well as in humans, reveal a high level of conservation. This preservation throughout evolution supports the idea that both WW binding sites are functionally required.Based on the obtained results we propose that the presence of the two WW binding sites in Dystroglycan secures the essential interaction between Dg and Dys and might further provide additional regulation for the cytoskeletal interactions of this complex.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2660313 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    BMC Dev. Biol.
    Title
    BMC Developmental Biology
    Publication Year
    2002
    ISBN/ISSN
    1471-213X
    Data From Reference