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Citation
Koizumi, K., Stivers, C., Brody, T., Zangeneh, S., Mozer, B., Odenwald, W.F., Higashi, S., Furuhara, K., Ota, K., Iwasaki, K., Ozaki, T., Kobayashi, H., Higashida, H. (2001). A search for Drosophila neural precursor genes identifies ran.  Dev. Genes Evol. 211(2): 67--75.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0135723
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The Drosophila ran gene has been isolated in a differential cDNA screen designed to identify genes that are dynamically expressed in embryonic neuroblasts. The guanine triphosphate (GTP)-binding Ran protein, a member of the Ras superfamily, has been shown to participate in a variety of transport related processes in other organisms. Drosophila ran codes for a 216 amino acid (aa) protein that shares 78% and 86% identity with the yeast and human Ran proteins, respectively. Database searches have identified a second Drosophila ran gene, ran-like. The predicted Ran-like protein shares 59% identity with its isoform. Embryo in situ mRNA localization of ran and ran-like expression reveals that both are maternally expressed; however zygotic ran expression is restricted to central nervous system (CNS) neuroblasts undergoing late lineage formation, while ran-like expression is detected in the developing trachea and salivary gland. To investigate the significance of ran-restricted CNS expression, we have targeted its misexpression to different temporal windows of CNS development. In addition, a dominant-negative mutant form of ran was targeted to the developing CNS and to the larval eye/antenna imaginal disc to assess the role of ran-dependent functions. Embryonic CNS misexpression of the mutant, but not wild-type, ran results in larval death. Neither wild-type nor mutant ran misexpression had any detectable effect on embryonic CNS lineage specification, nuclear transport of a number of CNS-specific transcription factors or axonal guidance. However, expression of the dominant-negative mutant ran in the developing eye/antenna disc did result in a severe adult eye phenotype marked by apoptosis of photoreceptor, cone and pigment cells.

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    Language of Publication
    Japanese
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Genes Evol.
    Title
    Development genes and evolution
    Publication Year
    1996-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0949-944X
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (12)
    Gene Groups (1)
    Genes (12)
    Insertions (1)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (9)