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Chihara, T., Luginbuhl, D., Luo, L. (2007). Cytoplasmic and mitochondrial protein translation in axonal and dendritic terminal arborization.  Nat. Neurosci. 10(7): 828--837.
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FBrf0201042
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

We identified a mutation in Aats-gly (also known as gars or glycyl-tRNA synthetase), the Drosophila melanogaster ortholog of the human GARS gene that is associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2D (CMT2D), from a mosaic genetic screen. Loss of gars in Drosophila neurons preferentially affects the elaboration and stability of terminal arborization of axons and dendrites. The human and Drosophila genes each encode both a cytoplasmic and a mitochondrial isoform. Using additional mutants that selectively disrupt cytoplasmic or mitochondrial protein translation, we found that cytoplasmic protein translation is required for terminal arborization of both dendrites and axons during development. In contrast, disruption of mitochondrial protein translation preferentially affects the maintenance of dendritic arborization in adults. We also provide evidence that human GARS shows equivalent functions in Drosophila, and that CMT2D causal mutations show loss-of-function properties. Our study highlights different demands of protein translation for the development and maintenance of axons and dendrites.

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    Language of Publication
    English
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    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nat. Neurosci.
    Title
    Nature Neuroscience
    Publication Year
    1998-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1097-6256
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