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Citation
Malzer, E., Szajewska-Skuta, M., Dalton, L.E., Thomas, S.E., Hu, N., Skaer, H., Lomas, D.A., Crowther, D.C., Marciniak, S.J. (2013). Coordinate regulation of eIF2α phosphorylation by PPP1R15 and GCN2 is required during Drosophila development.  J. Cell Sci. 126(6): 1406--1415.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0221464
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2α) by the kinase GCN2 attenuates protein synthesis during amino acid starvation in yeast, whereas in mammals a family of related eIF2α kinases regulate translation in response to a variety of stresses. Unlike single-celled eukaryotes, mammals also possess two specific eIF2α phosphatases, PPP1R15a and PPP1R15b, whose combined deletion leads to a poorly understood early embryonic lethality. We report the characterisation of the first non-mammalian eIF2α phosphatase and the use of Drosophila to dissect its role during development. The Drosophila protein demonstrates features of both mammalian proteins, including limited sequence homology and association with the endoplasmic reticulum. Of note, although this protein is not transcriptionally regulated, its expression is controlled by the presence of upstream open reading frames in its 5'UTR, enabling induction in response to eIF2α phosphorylation. Moreover, we show that its expression is necessary for embryonic and larval development and that this is to oppose the inhibitory effects of GCN2 on anabolic growth.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3644141 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Cell Sci.
    Title
    Journal of Cell Science
    Publication Year
    1966-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9533
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (12)
    Genes (8)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (1)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (11)