Open Close
Reference
Citation
Hughson, B.N., Shimell, M., O'Connor, M.B. (2021). AKH Signaling in D. melanogaster Alters Larval Development in a Nutrient-Dependent Manner That Influences Adult Metabolism.  Front. Physiol. 12(): 619219.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0248385
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Metabolism, growth, and development are intrinsically linked, and their coordination is dependent upon inter-organ communication mediated by anabolic, catabolic, and steroid hormones. In Drosophila melanogaster, the corpora cardiaca (CC) influences metabolic homeostasis through adipokinetic hormone (AKH) signaling. AKH has glucagon-like properties and is evolutionarily conserved in mammals as the gonadotropin-releasing hormone, but its role in insect development is unknown. Here we report that AKH signaling alters larval development in a nutrient stress-dependent manner. This activity is regulated by the locus dg2, which encodes a cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG). CC-specific downregulation of dg2 expression delayed the developmental transition from larval to pupal life, and altered adult metabolism and behavior. These developmental effects were AKH-dependent, and were observed only in flies that experienced low nutrient stress during larval development. Calcium-mediated vesicle exocytosis regulates ecdysteroid secretion from the prothoracic gland (PG), and we found that AKH signaling increased cytosolic free calcium levels in the PG. We identified a novel pathway through which PKG acts in the CC to communicate metabolic information to the PG via AKH signaling. AKH signaling provides a means whereby larval nutrient stress can alter developmental trajectories into adulthood.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC7940354 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Front. Physiol.
    Title
    Frontiers in physiology
    ISBN/ISSN
    1664-042X
    Data From Reference