|Citation||Long, A.A., Kim, E., Leung, H.T., Woodruff, E., An, L., Doerge, R.W., Pak, W.L., Broadie, K. (2008). Presynaptic calcium channel localization and calcium-dependent synaptic vesicle exocytosis regulated by the Fuseless protein. J. Neurosci. 28(14): 3668--3682. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||A systematic forward genetic Drosophila screen for electroretinogram mutants lacking synaptic transients identified the fuseless (fusl) gene, which encodes a predicted eight-pass transmembrane protein in the presynaptic membrane. Null fusl mutants display >75% reduction in evoked synaptic transmission but, conversely, an approximately threefold increase in the frequency and amplitude of spontaneous synaptic vesicle fusion events. These neurotransmission defects are rescued by a wild-type fusl transgene targeted only to the presynaptic cell, demonstrating a strictly presynaptic requirement for Fusl function. Defects in FM dye turnover at the synapse show a severely impaired exo-endo synaptic vesicle cycling pool. Consistently, ultrastructural analyses reveal accumulated vesicles arrested in clustered and docked pools at presynaptic active zones. In the absence of Fusl, calcium-dependent neurotransmitter release is dramatically compromised and there is little enhancement of synaptic efficacy with elevated external Ca(2+) concentrations. These defects are causally linked with severe loss of the Cacophony voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, which fail to localize normally at presynaptic active zone domains in the absence of Fusl. These data indicate that Fusl regulates assembly of the presynaptic active zone Ca(2+) channel domains required for efficient coupling of the Ca(2+) influx and synaptic vesicle exocytosis during neurotransmission.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Also Published As|
|Title||Journal of Neuroscience|
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