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Citation
Okamura, K., Ishizuka, A., Siomi, H., Siomi, M.C. (2004). Distinct roles for Argonaute proteins in small RNA-directed RNA cleavage pathways.  Genes Dev. 18(14): 1655--1666.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0179363
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

In mammalian cells, both microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are thought to be loaded into the same RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), where they guide mRNA degradation or translation silencing depending on the complementarity of the target. In Drosophila, Argonaute2 (AGO2) was identified as part of the RISC complex. Here we show that AGO2 is an essential component for siRNA-directed RNA interference (RNAi) response and is required for the unwinding of siRNA duplex and in consequence assembly of siRNA into RISC in Drosophila embryos. However, Drosophila embryos lacking AGO2, which are siRNA-directed RNAi-defective, are still capable of miRNA-directed target RNA cleavage. In contrast, Argonaute1 (AGO1), another Argonaute protein in fly, which is dispensable for siRNA-directed target RNA cleavage, is required for mature miRNA production that impacts on miRNA-directed RNA cleavage. The association of AGO1 with Dicer-1 and pre-miRNA also suggests that AGO1 is involved in miRNA biogenesis. Our findings show that distinct Argonaute proteins act at different steps of the small RNA silencing mechanism and suggest that there are inherent differences between siRNA-initiated RISCs and miRNA-initiated RISCs in Drosophila.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC478188 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genes Dev.
    Title
    Genes & Development
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0890-9369
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (4)
    Genes (12)
    Physical Interactions (6)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Insertions (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (1)