The embryonic development of the tracheal system of the fruit fly Drosophila provides a paradigm for genetic studies of branching morphogenesis. Efforts of many laboratories have identified Branchless (Bnl, a fibroblast growth factor homologue) and Breathless (Btl, the receptor homologue) as crucial factors at many stages of tracheal system development. The downstream targets of the Bnl/Btl signalling cascade, however, remain mostly unknown. Misexpression of the bnl gene results in specific tracheal phenotypes that lead to larval death. We characterised the transcriptional profiles of targeted over-expression of bnl in the embryonic trachea and of loss-of-function bnl(P1) mutant embryos. Gene expression data was mapped to high-throughput in situ hybridisation based ImaGO-annotation. Thus, we identified and confirmed by quantitative PCR 13 Bnl-dependent genes that are expressed in cells within and outside of the tracheal system.