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Citation
Schock, F., Perrimon, N. (2002). Cellular processes associated with germ band retraction in Drosophila.  Dev. Biol. 248(1): 29--39.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0151250
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Large-scale movements of epithelial sheets are necessary for most embryonic and regenerative morphogenetic events. We have characterized the cellular processes associated with germ band retraction (GBR) in the Drosophila embryo. During GBR, the caudal end of the embryo retracts to its final posterior position. We show using time-lapse recordings that, in contrast to germ band extension, cells within the lateral germ band do not intercalate. In addition, the germ band and amnioserosa move as one coherent sheet, and the amnioserosa strongly shortens along its dorsal-ventral axis. Furthermore, during GBR, the amnioserosa adheres to and migrates over the caudal end of the germ band via lamellipodia. Expression of both dominant-negative and constitutively active RhoA in the amnioserosa disrupts GBR. As RhoA acts on both actomyosin contractility and cell-matrix adhesion, it suggests a role for such processes in the amnioserosa during GBR. The results establish the cellular movements and shape changes occurring during GBR and provide the basis for an analysis of the forces acting during GBR.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Biol.
    Title
    Developmental Biology
    Publication Year
    1959-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0012-1606
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