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Gajewski, K.M., Sorrentino, R.P., Lee, J.H., Zhang, Q., Russell, M., Schulz, R.A. (2007). Identification of a crystal cell-specific enhancer of the black cells prophenoloxidase gene in Drosophila.  genesis 45(4): 200--207.
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FBrf0201838
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

In Drosophila, Black cells (Bc) encodes a Prophenoloxidase and is expressed late in the maturation of crystal cells, which are blood cells involved in wound healing and immune encapsulation. Enhancer analysis of Bc revealed a 1,025-bp upstream sequence that regulates gene expression in a crystal cell exclusive pattern. Expression of this fragment is altered by mutations in the GATA family serpent (srp) and RUNX family lozenge (lz) genes; Srp and Lz are required for crystal cell specification. Deletional analysis uncovered a 330-bp crystal cell-specific sequence, which contains two GATA and three Lz binding sites. Mutational analysis revealed that both GATA sites are necessary, but not sufficient for crystal cell expression. However, one of the Lz sites is essential for crystal cell expression. Thus, Srp and Lz do not just specify the crystal cell lineage, but also regulate the later differentiation of these cells. Additionally, we now have a sensitive tool for marking crystal cells in live animals.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    genesis
    Title
    genesis
    Publication Year
    2000-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1526-954X 1526-968X
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