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Citation
Hutterer, A., Knoblich, J.A. (2005). Numb and alpha-Adaptin regulate Sanpodo endocytosis to specify cell fate in Drosophila external sensory organs.  EMBO Rep. 6(9): 836--842.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0187517
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

During asymmetric cell division in Drosophila sensory organ precursors (SOPs), the Numb protein segregates into one of the two daughter cells, in which it inhibits Notch signalling to specify pIIb cell fate. We show here that Numb acts in SOP cells by inducing the endocytosis of Sanpodo, a four-pass transmembrane protein that has previously been shown to regulate Notch signalling in the central nervous system. In sanpodo mutants, SOP cells divide symmetrically into two pIIb cells. We show that Sanpodo is cortical in pIIa, but colocalizes with Notch and Delta in Rab5- and Rab7-positive endocytic vesicles in pIIb. Sanpodo endocytosis requires alpha-Adaptin, a Numb-binding partner involved in clathrin-mediated endocytosis. In numb or alpha-adaptin mutants, Sanpodo is not endocytosed. Surprisingly, this defect is observed already before and during mitosis, which suggests that Numb not only acts in pIIb, but also regulates endocytosis throughout the cell cycle. Numb binds to Sanpodo by means of its phosphotyrosine-binding domain, a region that is essential for Numb function. Our results establish numb- and alpha-adaptin-dependent endocytosis of Sanpodo as the mechanism by which Notch is regulated during external sensory organ development.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1369167 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    EMBO Rep.
    Title
    EMBO Reports
    Publication Year
    2000-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1469-221X 1469-3178
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (12)
    Genes (10)
    Physical Interactions (2)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Insertions (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (7)