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Citation
Sessa, L., Bianchi, M.E. (2007). The evolution of High Mobility Group Box (HMGB) chromatin proteins in multicellular animals.  Gene 387(1-2): 133--140.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0194706
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Mammalian HMGB proteins are abundant chromatin components, and are characterized by the presence of 2 HMG-box domains and an acidic tail. HMG boxes are present in a large number of DNA-binding proteins, and HMGB chromatin proteins represent a small and specific subset of HMG-box proteins. The comparison of DNA sequences that code for HMG-box proteins suggests that the ancestral HMG box was coded by an intronless gene, which picked up one or more introns during its radiation. Canonical HMGB proteins are only present in multicellular animals, from sponges onwards, and appear to have arisen through the fusion of two different genes, each coding for one of the boxes. The organization of HMGB genes was very conserved during Metazoan evolution, with the only deviations appearing in Caenorhabditis and Dipteran (Drosophila and Anopheles) species.

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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Gene
    Title
    Gene
    Publication Year
    1976-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0378-1119
    Data From Reference
    Gene Groups (1)
    Genes (17)