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Citation
Heckscher, E.S., Zarin, A.A., Faumont, S., Clark, M.Q., Manning, L., Fushiki, A., Schneider-Mizell, C.M., Fetter, R.D., Truman, J.W., Zwart, M.F., Landgraf, M., Cardona, A., Lockery, S.R., Doe, C.Q. (2015). Even-Skipped(+) Interneurons Are Core Components of a Sensorimotor Circuit that Maintains Left-Right Symmetric Muscle Contraction Amplitude.  Neuron 88(2): 314--329.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0229965
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Bilaterally symmetric motor patterns-those in which left-right pairs of muscles contract synchronously and with equal amplitude (such as breathing, smiling, whisking, and locomotion)-are widespread throughout the animal kingdom. Yet, surprisingly little is known about the underlying neural circuits. We performed a thermogenetic screen to identify neurons required for bilaterally symmetric locomotion in Drosophila larvae and identified the evolutionarily conserved Even-skipped(+) interneurons (Eve/Evx). Activation or ablation of Eve(+) interneurons disrupted bilaterally symmetric muscle contraction amplitude, without affecting the timing of motor output. Eve(+) interneurons are not rhythmically active and thus function independently of the locomotor CPG. GCaMP6 calcium imaging of Eve(+) interneurons in freely moving larvae showed left-right asymmetric activation that correlated with larval behavior. TEM reconstruction of Eve(+) interneuron inputs and outputs showed that the Eve(+) interneurons are at the core of a sensorimotor circuit capable of detecting and modifying body wall muscle contraction.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4619170 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Neuron
    Title
    Neuron
    Publication Year
    1988-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0896-6273
    Data From Reference