During neural development, a wide variety of neurons are produced in a highly coordinated manner and form complex and highly coordinated neural circuits. Temporal patterning of neuron type specification plays very important roles in orchestrating the production and wiring of neurons. The fly visual system, which is composed of the retina and the optic lobe of the brain, is an outstanding model system to study temporal patterning and wiring of the nervous system. All of the components of the fly visual system are topographically connected, and each ommatidial unit in the retina corresponds to a columnar unit in the optic lobe. In the retina, the wave of differentiation follows the morphogenetic furrow, which progresses in a posterior-to-anterior direction. At the same time, differentiation of the optic lobe also accompanies the wave of differentiation or temporally coordinated neurogenesis. Thus, temporal patterning plays important roles in establishing topographic connections throughout the fly visual system. In this article, we review how neuronal differentiation and connectivity are orchestrated in the fly visual system by temporal patterning mechanisms.