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Citation
Hatan, M., Shinder, V., Israeli, D., Schnorrer, F., Volk, T. (2011). The Drosophila blood brain barrier is maintained by GPCR-dependent dynamic actin structures.  J. Cell Biol. 192(2): 307--319.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0212807
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The blood brain barrier (BBB) is essential for insulation of the nervous system from the surrounding environment. In Drosophila melanogaster, the BBB is maintained by septate junctions formed between subperineurial glia (SPG) and requires the Moody/G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling pathway. In this study, we describe novel specialized actin-rich structures (ARSs) that dynamically form along the lateral borders of the SPG cells. ARS formation and association with nonmuscle myosin is regulated by Moody/GPCR signaling and requires myosin activation. Consistently, an overlap between ARS localization, elevated Ca(2+) levels, and myosin light chain phosphorylation is detected. Disruption of the ARS by inhibition of the actin regulator Arp2/3 complex leads to abrogation of the BBB. Our results suggest a mechanism by which the Drosophila BBB is maintained by Moody/GPCR-dependent formation of ARSs, which is supported by myosin activation. The localization of the ARSs close to the septate junctions enables efficient sealing of membrane gaps formed during nerve cord growth.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3172179 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Cell Biol.
    Title
    Journal of Cell Biology
    Publication Year
    1966-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9525
    Data From Reference