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Citation
Banreti, A.R., Meier, P. (2020). The NMDA receptor regulates competition of epithelial cells in the Drosophila wing.  Nat. Commun. 11(1): 2228.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0245599
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Cell competition is an emerging principle that eliminates suboptimal or potentially dangerous cells. For 'unfit' cells to be detected, their competitive status needs to be compared to the collective fitness of cells within a tissue. Here we report that the NMDA receptor controls cell competition of epithelial cells and Myc supercompetitors in the Drosophila wing disc. While clonal depletion of the NMDA receptor subunit NR2 results in their rapid elimination via the TNF/Eiger>JNK signalling pathway, local over-expression of NR2 causes NR2 cells to acquire supercompetitor-like behaviour that enables them to overtake the tissue through clonal expansion that causes, but also relies on, the killing of surrounding cells. Consistently, NR2 is utilised by Myc clones to provide them with supercompetitor status. Mechanistically, we find that the JNK>PDK signalling axis in 'loser' cells reprograms their metabolism, driving them to produce and transfer lactate to winners. Preventing lactate transfer from losers to winners abrogates NMDAR-mediated cell competition. Our findings demonstrate a functional repurposing of NMDAR in the surveillance of tissue fitness.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC7203100 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nat. Commun.
    Title
    Nature communications
    ISBN/ISSN
    2041-1723
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (41)
    Genes (21)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (6)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (34)