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Citation
Robinson, B.V., Faundez, V., Lerit, D.A. (2020). Understanding microcephaly through the study of centrosome regulation in Drosophila neural stem cells.  Biochem. Soc. Trans. 48(5): 2101--2115.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0247093
Publication Type
Review
Abstract

Microcephaly is a rare, yet devastating, neurodevelopmental condition caused by genetic or environmental insults, such as the Zika virus infection. Microcephaly manifests with a severely reduced head circumference. Among the known heritable microcephaly genes, a significant proportion are annotated with centrosome-related ontologies. Centrosomes are microtubule-organizing centers, and they play fundamental roles in the proliferation of the neuronal progenitors, the neural stem cells (NSCs), which undergo repeated rounds of asymmetric cell division to drive neurogenesis and brain development. Many of the genes, pathways, and developmental paradigms that dictate NSC development in humans are conserved in Drosophila melanogaster. As such, studies of Drosophila NSCs lend invaluable insights into centrosome function within NSCs and help inform the pathophysiology of human microcephaly. This mini-review will briefly survey causative links between deregulated centrosome functions and microcephaly with particular emphasis on insights learned from Drosophila NSCs.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC7606523 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Biochem. Soc. Trans.
    Title
    Biochemical Society Transactions
    Publication Year
    1973-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0300-5127
    Data From Reference