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Citation
DeLuca, S.Z., Ghildiyal, M., Pang, L.Y., Spradling, A.C. (2020). Differentiating Drosophila female germ cells initiate Polycomb silencing by regulating PRC2-interacting proteins.  eLife 9(): e56922.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0246489
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Polycomb silencing represses gene expression and provides a molecular memory of chromatin state that is essential for animal development. We show that Drosophila female germline stem cells (GSCs) provide a powerful system for studying Polycomb silencing. GSCs have a non-canonical distribution of PRC2 activity and lack silenced chromatin like embryonic progenitors. As GSC daughters differentiate into nurse cells and oocytes, nurse cells, like embryonic somatic cells, silence genes in traditional Polycomb domains and in generally inactive chromatin. Developmentally controlled expression of two Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2)-interacting proteins, Pcl and Scm, initiate silencing during differentiation. In GSCs, abundant Pcl inhibits PRC2-dependent silencing globally, while in nurse cells Pcl declines and newly induced Scm concentrates PRC2 activity on traditional Polycomb domains. Our results suggest that PRC2-dependent silencing is developmentally regulated by accessory proteins that either increase the concentration of PRC2 at target sites or inhibit the rate that PRC2 samples chromatin.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC7438113 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    eLife
    Title
    eLife
    ISBN/ISSN
    2050-084X
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (33)
    Genes (38)
    Natural transposons (3)
    Insertions (48)
    Experimental Tools (5)
    Transgenic Constructs (16)