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Citation
Chakrabarti, S., Liehl, P., Buchon, N., Lemaitre, B. (2012). Infection-induced host translational blockage inhibits immune responses and epithelial renewal in the Drosophila gut.  Cell Host Microbe 12(1): 60--70.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0218984
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Typically, immune responses control the pathogen, while repair and stress pathways limit damage caused by pathogenesis. The relative contribution of damage to the outcome of pathogenesis and the mechanistic links between the immune and repair pathways are poorly understood. Here, we analyze how the entomopathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas entomophila induces irreversible damage to the Drosophila gut. We find that P. entomophila ingestion induces a global translational blockage that impairs both immune and repair programs in the fly gut. P. entomophila-induced translational inhibition is dependent on bacterial pore forming toxins and reactive oxygen species produced by the host in response to infection. Translational arrest is mediated through activation of the GCN2 kinase and inhibition of the TOR pathway as a consequence of host damage. Together, our study draws a model of pathogenesis in which bacterial inhibition of translation by excessive activation of stress responsive pathways inhibits both immune and regenerative epithelial responses.

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Obtained with permission from Cell Press.
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Cell Host Microbe
    Title
    Cell Host & Microbe
    Publication Year
    2007--
    ISBN/ISSN
    1931-3128 1934-6069
    Data From Reference